Wondering how to help those with anxiety? Here are the top 5 from @psychologytoday https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/in-practice/201607/how-help-someone-anxiety
1. Educate yourself about what can help anxiety
2. Help your anxious friend break free of avoidance behavior
3. Destigmatize your friend’s experience of anxiety
4. Beware the reassurance-seeking trap
5. Assist your friend/spouse/family member in getting help with anxiety
1. Educate yourself about what can help anxiety.
If you know the specific type of anxiety your friend has, you can utilize some of the online anxiety help resources for that particular issue. Understandingwhat helps anxiety takes a bit of time and effort, but it’s achievable if you’re prepared to take it one step at a time and re-read any info you don’t understand straight away. For free and user-friendly resources, I like this series of mental health workbooks. The various anxiety offerings give a good overview of how a predisposition to anxiety can turn into an anxiety disorder, and how anxiety works. You’ll learn about the links between triggers and anxious thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, as well as how to reframe anxiety-based thinking.
Also, there are specific types of anxiety strategies that are suited to being done with an accountability partner:
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2. Help your anxious friend break free of avoidance behavior.
I briefly mentioned above the idea of working through an avoidance hierarchy. Avoidance behavior is a huge part of what causes anxiety. When someone avoids something they need to complete due to anxiety, their anxiety will snowball over time.
Common examples of avoidance behavior include avoiding:
The more the anxious person puts off what they need to do, the more likely they are to experience intrusive thoughts about it. If avoidance behavior is a major problem for the individual, there are a ton of strategies in my book, The Anxiety Toolkit, that may be useful.
Whatever the person is avoiding, they may find it helpful to talk through the steps they’d need to do to break free of their avoidance. For example, “Well, the first step I’d need to do is….” Help them identify and/or take that first step.
3. Destigmatize your friend’s experience of anxiety.
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People who have high anxiety are often embarrassed by their anxiety symptoms.
They may fear their anxiety showing up when they’re in a performance or social situation, or worry that it will be visible to others. For example, they may fear that other people will notice them sweating or if their voice starts shaking during a client meeting at work. The key is not to reassure the person that those things will never happen, but to reassure them that they can cope if/when they do.
For people who have anxiety attacks, the fear of having one is often as debilitating as the attacks themselves. The person may fear having a panic attack in specific situations (e.g., due to being in the middle seat on an aircraft or at the movies), or that they will experience one out of the blue.
If your loved one has a clinical anxiety disorder, and their anxiety feels out of control to them, they may worry they’re losing their mind or “going crazy.” They may see anxiety as a sign of being a weak person or doubt that there are effective therapies out there that will help them overcome their anxiety.
Communicate that you don’t see their anxiety as a weakness, character flaw, or a sign of them being incompetent in their life, work, or other roles (such as being a parent or friend).
Normalize any types of thoughts you can relate to. There are many kinds of anxiety-based thoughts people with anxiety disorders experience that even relatively non-anxious people also experience from time to time. For example, most people can relate to the fear of being judged or of asking for something and being told no.
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Also, it’s extremely common for anyone to have fleeting thoughts that they’ll do something odd, dangerous, or out of character (e.g., mow down a pedestrian while driving, or develop a sudden urge to become violent). Individuals with anxiety often don’t realize that many people have these types of thoughts. People who are not especially anxious tend to write off the thoughts as just weird, whereas those who are anxious often equate having the thoughts with a real risk that they will act on one of their odd thoughts.
4. Beware the reassurance-seeking trap.
In particular types of anxiety, the person can become desperate for reassurance. For example, someone who has health anxiety may ask you repeatedly, “Are you sure I don’t have cancer? Should I go to the doctor again? Do you think my doctor knows what s/he is doing?” A relationship partner who has interpersonal anxiety may ask you daily or weekly, “Do you promise you won’t leave me, no matter what?” A friend with anxiety may repeatedly ask, “Are you sure you’re not angry with me?”
If you notice these types of patterns emerging, you’ll need to set some limits. Someone who is experiencing the degree of anxiety that leads to very intense, demanding reassurance-seeking should likely be working with a therapist. The therapist, the person, and you should come up with a game plan together. It is perfectly appropriate for you to attend some therapysessions as a support person, when invited by the anxiety sufferer.
Very intense reassurance-seeking is part of the process of how anxiety snowballs. It is a common anxiety symptom and does not mean that the individual is freaky, needy, or a hopeless case. It can be addressed effectively, just like all other anxiety symptoms. It’s nothing to be ashamed of, but you do need a game plan for disrupting the patterns.
5. Assist your friend/spouse/family member in getting help with anxiety.
You can’t expect to cure your loved one’s anxiety yourself, no matter how smart you are, how much you care about them, or how much time you’re willing to put in.
Sometimes the best solution for how to help an anxious person is to help your loved one access a therapist (e.g., you might offer to help with childcare or to go to the first appointment with them). If they haven’t tried Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) before, then that is the best place to start for anxiety help. It’s the type of therapy with the most evidence behind it for treating anxiety.
If your friend is getting professional help for anxiety, invite them to tell you about what they’re learning and working on. If you think the person might interpret your questioning as checking up on them, you’ll need to be sensitive about how you do this.
Keep it positive by asking them about any useful insights they’ve gotten, or any anxiety management techniques they’ve learned that are working well for them.
If there is something that isn’t working for them about their sessions with their therapist, encourage them to talk to their therapist directly. People who are anxious often avoid bringing up certain topics with their therapist. There are many different options for what can help with anxiety, and it’s all about finding the best fit between the person and the strategies. It’s no big deal if one particular approach doesn’t work for an individual, since there are many other options to try.
If you’re willing, let them know you’re happy to be a partner for them in completing their therapy homework (such as trying out a meditation together, or doing some thinking or behavioral exercises).
Getting help for anxiety is often a big step for someone who habitually avoids things that make them feel anxious. Your loved one will likely need all the encouragement you’re able to give!